The Best Of Greece


THE BEST OF GREECE

GREECE

 

Discover the allure of Greece with our ultimate travel guide, “The Best of Greece.” Journey through sun-kissed islands, ancient ruins, and vibrant cities. From the breathtaking views of Santorini to the historic wonders of Athens, experience the rich culture, exquisite cuisine, and warm hospitality that define this Mediterranean paradise. Whether you’re an adventurer, history buff, or beach lover, Greece offers something magical for everyone. Let us take you on an unforgettable adventure through this enchanting land.

 

 

The Best of Greece: A Comprehensive Travel Guide

Greece, a land of ancient history, stunning landscapes, and vibrant culture, offers an array of travel experiences. From the iconic ruins of Athens to the idyllic beaches of the Cyclades, Greece has something for every traveler. This guide covers the best places to visit in Greece, their historical significance, locations, and how to get there.

Athens

Description

Athens, the capital city of Greece, is a bustling metropolis known for its rich history and vibrant culture. The city is home to some of the most important historical sites in the world, making it a must-visit for history buffs and culture enthusiasts.

History

Athens is one of the world’s oldest cities, with a history spanning over 3,400 years. It was the heart of ancient Greece, a powerful civilization and empire. The city is the birthplace of democracy, philosophy, and the arts, with famous philosophers like Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle calling it home. The Acropolis, a UNESCO World Heritage site, stands as a testament to the city’s ancient glory.

Highlights

  • Acropolis and Parthenon: This ancient citadel contains the remains of several historically significant buildings, the most famous being the Parthenon.
  • Ancient Agora: Once the center of public life in Athens, this site includes the Temple of Hephaestus and the Stoa of Attalos.
  • National Archaeological Museum: This museum houses some of the most important artifacts from various archaeological locations around Greece.
  • Plaka: A charming neighborhood with narrow streets, traditional taverns, and neoclassical architecture.

Getting There

Athens is accessible via Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport, which is well-connected to major cities worldwide. From the airport, you can reach the city center by metro, bus, or taxi.

Panthenon Athens
Plaka Athens

Santorini

Description

Santorini, part of the Cyclades island group, is renowned for its stunning sunsets, white-washed buildings, and crystal-clear waters. The island is a popular destination for honeymooners and photographers.

History

Santorini has a long history dating back to the Bronze Age. It was once the site of a major volcanic eruption around 1600 BC, which shaped the island’s unique caldera. The ancient city of Akrotiri, buried under volcanic ash, is a significant archaeological site revealing insights into Minoan civilization.

Highlights

  • Oia: Known for its breathtaking sunsets and beautiful architecture.
  • Fira: The island’s bustling capital, perched on the edge of the caldera.
  • Akrotiri: Archaeological Site: An ancient Minoan city preserved in volcanic ash.
  • Red Beach: Famous for its unique red volcanic sand and dramatic cliffs.

Getting There

Santorini is accessible by plane from Athens or by ferry from Piraeus, Athens’ main port. The island has a small airport, Santorini (Thira) National Airport, with domestic and some international flights.

Greece Santorini Volcano

Crete

Description

Crete, the largest of the Greek islands, is known for its diverse landscapes, from sandy beaches to rugged mountains. The island offers a blend of ancient ruins, charming villages, and vibrant cities.

History

Crete is the cradle of the Minoan civilization, one of the earliest advanced civilizations in Europe, which flourished between 2700 and 1420 BC. The island has been influenced by various cultures, including the Romans, Byzantines, Venetians, and Ottomans, each leaving its mark.

Highlights

  • Knossos Palace: The largest Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete and considered Europe’s oldest city.
  • Heraklion Archaeological Museum: One of the most important museums in Greece, housing artifacts from the Minoan civilization.
  • Chania Old Town: Known for its Venetian harbor, narrow streets, and waterfront restaurants.
  • Samaria Gorge: A famous hiking destination in the White Mountains.

Getting There

Crete has two major airports: Heraklion International Airport and Chania International Airport. The island is also accessible by ferry from Athens and other Greek islands.

Delphi

Description

Delphi, located on the slopes of Mount Parnassus, was once considered the center of the world in ancient Greek religion. It was home to the Oracle of Delphi and the sanctuary of Apollo.

History

Delphi was an important religious center from as early as the 8th century BC. Pilgrims from all over Greece and beyond would come to consult the oracle, who was believed to convey the prophecies of Apollo. The site flourished until the rise of Christianity in the 4th century AD, after which it gradually declined.

Highlights

  • Temple of Apollo: Where the Oracle of Delphi would deliver her prophecies.
  • Theatre of Delphi: Offering stunning views of the valley below.
  • Stadium of Delphi: Used for the Pythian Games.
  • Tholos of Delphi: A circular building with mysterious origins.

Getting There

Delphi is about a two-hour drive from Athens. Buses run regularly from Athens’ KTEL station, making it accessible even for day trips.

Greece Delphi. Greece Delphi Sanctuary of Athena Pronea and Tholos

Rhodes

Description

Rhodes, the largest of the Dodecanese islands, is known for its beach resorts, ancient ruins, and medieval Old Town.

History

Rhodes has a rich history dating back to the Neolithic period. It flourished during the Classical and Hellenistic periods and was home to the Colossus of Rhodes, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The medieval Old Town is a UNESCO World Heritage site, reflecting the island’s history under the Knights of Saint John.

Highlights

Rhodes Old Town: A well-preserved medieval city with the Palace of the Grand Master.

Acropolis of Lindos: Offers stunning views and ancient ruins.

Ancient Kamiros: One of the island’s three ancient cities.

Valley of the Butterflies: A unique natural reserve with lush greenery and a variety of butterflies.

Getting There

Rhodes is accessible by Diagoras International Airport, which receives both domestic and international flights. Ferries from Athens’ port of Piraeus also connect to Rhodes.

Meteora

Description

Meteora is known for its monasteries perched atop towering rock formations. This UNESCO World Heritage site offers breathtaking views and spiritual tranquility.

History

Meteora has been a place of worship since the 11th century when monks began settling in the area. By the 14th century, the first monasteries were established. The monasteries were built to provide monks with a place of solitude and to protect them from invasions.

Highlights

  • Monasteries: Six active monasteries can be visited, each offering unique architecture and views.
  • Rock Formations: The geological formations are a natural wonder.
  • Kalambaka: The nearby town that serves as a gateway to Meteora.

Getting There

Meteora is about a 4-5 hour drive from Athens. Trains and buses run from Athens to Kalambaka, from where Meteora is easily accessible.

Mykonos

Description

Mykonos is famous for its vibrant nightlife, beautiful beaches, and charming Cycladic architecture. It’s a top destination for party-goers and luxury travelers.

History

Mykonos has a history dating back to ancient times, but it became particularly famous in the 20th century as a cosmopolitan island. It is associated with Greek mythology, where it was said to be the location of a battle between Zeus and the Titans.

Highlights

Mykonos Town (Chora): Known for its winding streets, shops, and nightlife.

Beaches: Such as Paradise and Super Paradise, known for their beach parties.

Little Venice: A picturesque area where buildings are right on the water’s edge.

Delos Island: A short boat ride away, this is one of the most important archaeological sites in Greece.

Getting There

Mykonos is accessible by plane with Mykonos International Airport receiving flights from Athens and various European cities. Ferries from Piraeus and Rafina also connect to the island.

Conclusion

Greece offers a wealth of historical and cultural experiences, from ancient ruins to stunning islands. Whether you’re interested in exploring ancient civilizations, relaxing on beautiful beaches, or enjoying vibrant nightlife, Greece has something to offer every traveler. With its rich history and diverse landscapes, Greece is a destination that promises unforgettable experiences.